A child who finds it easier to do mathematics is no t necessarily more intelligent than one who is more creative in art. They simply have different types of intelligence.
The Theory of Multiple Intelligences was created by the North American psychologist Howard Gardner distancing himself from the idea of one intelligence. Gardner proposed that human life requires the development of various types of intelligence.
Multiple intelligences: 8 types of intelligence:
- Linguistic intelligence:
Linguistic intelligence not only makes reference to the skill of oral communication but to other forms of communication such as writing, gestures, etc.
Those who best command this capacity of communication have greater linguistic intelligence. Professions in which this type of intelligence predominates could be politicians, writers, poets, journalists…
- Logical-mathematical intelligence:
For a long time logical-mathematical intelligence has been used as a yardstick to detect a person's level of intelligence.
As its name indicates, this type of intelligence is linked to logical reasoning skills and the capacity to solve mathematical problems. The speed of resolving these types of problems is the indicator which determines ones logical-mathematical intelligence.
The well-known intelligence quotient (IQ) tests were based on this type of intelligence and, to a lesser extent, on linguistic intelligence. Scientists, economists, academics, engineers and mathematicians often stand out in this class of intelligence.
- Spatial intelligence:
The skill of being able to observe the world and objects from different perspectives is related to this type of intelligence, in which chess players and visual art professionals (painters, designers, sculptors…)stand out.
The people who excel in this kind of intelligence often have capabilities that allow them to think up mental images, draw and detect details as well as having a personal sense of aesthetics. In this intelligence we find painters…
- Musical intelligence:
Music is a universal art. All cultures have some kind of music. Some parts of the brain execute functions linked to musical interpretation and composition. Like any other type of intelligence, it can be practised and perfected.
People who stand out in this type of intelligence are href="http://psicologiaymente.net/oido-absoluto-genios-de-la-musica/" target="_blank">capable of playing instruments, reading and composing musical pieces with ease.
- Bodily and kinaesthetic intelligence:
Bodily and motor skills which are required to manage tools or to express certain emotions represent an essential aspect in the development of all cultures in history.
The ability to use tools is considered bodily kinaesthetic intelligence. Bodily intelligence is also used to express feelings through the body.
Especially brilliant in this type of intelligence are dancers, actors, athletes and even surgeons and arts and crafts artists, as they all have to use their physical skill rationally.
- Intra-personal intelligence:
Intra-personal intelligence is what enables us to comprehend and control ones own internal sphere.
People who stand out in intra-personal intelligence are capable of accessing their feelings and emotions and reflecting on them. This intelligence also enables them to delve into their introspection and understand the reasons for which one is the way one is.
- Inter-personal intelligence:
Inter-personal intelligence enables us to observe things in other people that go beyond what our feelings detect. It is an intelligence that makes it possible to interpret words or gestures, or the objectives and challenges in each statement. Interpersonal intelligence accesses the capacity to empathise with others.
It is a very valuable intelligence for those persons who work with large-size groups. Their ability to detect and understand the circumstances and problems of others is easier if they possess (and develop) interpersonal intelligence. Teachers, psychologists, therapists, lawyers and educators are profiles that often score very high in this type of intelligence.
- Naturalist intelligence:
1. Promotes learning to learn. The students construct their own knowledge through interaction with their peers and the search for solutions.
2. It generates positive interdependence. Everyone depends on lamuna rezept & pille zur verhütung bestellen | ohnerezeptfreikauf everyone, and they have a common goal which encourages them to lean on each other and to appreciate the work of others.
3. Reinforces individual autonomy. Each student takes responsibility for a task and with it contributes in reaching a common goal.
4. It fosters values such as responsibility, communication, solidarity and team-work.
5. It improves inter-personal relations and social skills, insofar as students communicate with very diverse colleagues.
6. It makes students process information together and learn from it.
7. It facilitates attention to diversity. The students become teachers of their own class-mates through sharing knowledge while searching for the common goal.
8. It increases the students' self-esteem.
9. It develops students' capacity for self-criticism as it obliges them to self-evaluate.
10. It motivates students, awakens their interest and involvement, and generates experience.